Osgood-Schlatter Disease: A Review of Current Diagnosis and Management

Kartini Ciatawi, MD, MPH; I. Wayan Suryanto Dusak, MD


Curr Orthop Pract. 2022;33(3):294-298. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Osgood-Schlatter disease is a common cause of knee pain in children and adolescents, particularly in those who participate in sports. Repetitive force during athletic activities, along with changes that happen during a growth spurt, result in the development of traction apophysitis. Because of its typical presentation, the diagnosis is usually made clinically. The disorder generally resolves with skeletal maturity, and most patients respond to conservative therapy. Surgery can be considered in recalcitrant cases. Several approaches of surgical intervention have been proposed; each approach has its advantages and disadvantages.


Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD), also known as apophysitis of tibial tubercle or partial avulsion of tibial tubercle, is a traction apophysitis of the tibial tuberosity particularly near the insertion of patellar tendon.[1,2] The disorder was named after the first two persons who individually described it in 1903, Robert Osgood and Carl Schlatter.[3,4] OSD is a common cause of anterior knee pain in children and adolescents, especially in those who are active in sports, and is frequent in 8- to 15-year-olds. Since it is considered a self-limiting disease, the treatment is usually conservative.[5,6]