Understanding the Zebras of Wound Care: An Overview of Atypical Wounds

Elizabeth Ansert, DPM, MBA, MA; Anthony Tickner, DPM, FACCWS, FAPWCA, FAPWH; Donald Cohen, DPM; Weldon Murry, DPM; Samuel Gorelik, DPM


Wounds. 2022;34(5):124-134. 

In This Article


Because of the rarity of each wound etiology discussed herein, the literature is scant and relatively few patients are available for inclusion in high-level research. Because information is limited, no universal treatment protocol exists that can be used to manage most etiologies, and opportunities to develop new treatment modalities are limited even as medical technology continues to advance. A limitation of this review is that although many of the more common atypical wound pathologies and current treatment regimens are discussed, it is not all-encompassing and does not address all etiologies of atypical wounds. Additionally, some of the protocols specified have limited or poor-quality research support. Clinicians should systematically and thoroughly review each patient's wounds and individualize care to optimize results.