Cancer Screening in the Transgender Population

A Review of Current Guidelines, Best Practices, and a Proposed Care Model

Joshua Sterling; Maurice M. Garcia


Transl Androl Urol. 2020;9(6):2771-2785. 

In This Article

Post Gender Affirming Surgery Considerations

As previously stated, there is no data on breast cancer after gender affirming mastectomy; annual chest wall exams, ultrasound and MRI have all been suggested, but further research is needed before any recommendations can be made. Surgeons should be aware of the malignancy potential of organs removed during gender affirming surgery and should always review all pathology reports. Physicians should also be cognizant of and note any remaining portions of birth sex organs left behind after gender affirming surgeries so that potential differential diagnoses are not missed.