Evolution in Surgical Management of Ankle Instability in Athletes

Brian C. Lau, MD; Alexej Barg, MD; C. Thomas Haytmanek, MD; Kirk McCullough, MD; Annunziato Amendola, MD


J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021;29(1):e5-e13. 

In This Article


Ankle instability in athletes has evolved with much more detailed evaluation, better appreciation of associated findings and pathology, and management of medial and syndesmotic instability when present (Table 1). Ankle arthroscopy has allowed more comprehensive diagnosis and treatment in both the acute and chronic setting of ankle instability. With the goals of optimal return to play and better outcomes, surgical options using all-arthroscopic or synthetic-augmentation and expedited rehabilitation protocols continue to evolve.