Cerebral Hemorrhage and Alcohol Exposure: A Review

Jialing Peng; Hongxuan Wang; Xiaoming Rong; Lei He; L Xiangpen; Qingy Shen; Ying Peng


Alcohol Alcohol. 2020;55(1):20-27. 

In This Article

Standard of Alcohol Intake

The term 'standard drink' has been introduced to measure drinking uniformly in spite of diverse alcoholic categories across countries and institutions. A standard drink was defined as 10 g pure ethanol by WHO, ensuring the comparability across respondents (WHO, 2000). Nonetheless, various definitions have been used in different countries, which may depend on the typical serving ethanol sizes across countries. A drink corresponds approximately to about 8 g of pure alcohol in UK (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, 2005), 14 g in USA (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2010), 13.6 g in Canada (WHO, 2000), 10 g in Australia (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2009), 12 g in Denmark and 10 g in most countries like Austria, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Poland and so on (International Center for Alcohol Policies, 2013). The definition of standard drink allows the conversion of actual drinks into absolute alcohol, and a conversion based on the 12 g standard drink definition has been supposed in a recent study (Kuitunen-Paul et al., 2017).