Electroconvulsive Therapy for Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia

Diarmid J. M. Sinclair; Sai Zhao; Fang Qi; Kazare Nyakyoma; Joey S. W. Kwong; Clive E. Adams


Schizophr Bull. 2019;45(4):730-732. 

In This Article


Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) involves the induction of a seizure by the administration of an electrical stimulus via electrodes usually placed bilaterally on the scalp and was introduced as a treatment for schizophrenia in 1938. However, ECT is a controversial treatment with concerns about long-term side effects such a memory loss. Therefore, it is important to determine its clinical efficacy and safety for people with schizophrenia who are not responding to their treatment.