Ocular Abnormalities in Congenital Zika Syndrome

A Case Report, and Review of the Literature

Jade Gieseke Guevara; Swati Agarwal-Sinha


J Med Case Reports. 2018;12(161) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction


Background: As the number of children with Zika virus-related complications grows, the long-term developmental trajectory and its effects on families are unknown. We present the first known case of congenital Zika syndrome seen at our institution with significant fundus findings.

Case presentation: A 3-day-old Hispanic baby girl presented with severe microcephaly of 24 cm and temperature instability at birth. Her mother had traveled to Honduras early in pregnancy and testing of amniotic fluid was positive for Zika virus via polymerase chain reaction. A dilated fundus examination was significant for bilateral severe colobomatous chorioretinal atrophy of the macula and pigmentary changes. Neonatal magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse lissencephaly with decreased brain volume, atrophic corpus callosum and brainstem, periventricular calcifications, and ventriculomegaly of the lateral ventricles.

Conclusions: Our patient, who presented with the first known case of congenital Zika syndrome in Northern Florida, demonstrated profound bilateral colobomatous chorioretinal atrophy of the macula. The ophthalmologic findings along with severe microcephaly emphasize the neurotropism of the Zika virus, and ultimately are indicative of poor developmental and visual prognosis for affected infants. With the increased prevalence of Zika virus, ophthalmologists should be aware of the associated findings and the importance of an eye-screening examination with a dilated fundus examination within 1 month of life of infants in which congenital Zika syndrome is suspected. A multidisciplinary care approach is essential for the care of affected infants and their families.