This year has seen considerable advances in gastroenterology, ranging from diagnostic and testing changes to therapeutic changes. I have summarized what I believe to be this year's 10 must-read articles, because they represent new guidance for clinical practice.
Same-Admission Versus Interval Cholecystectomy for Mild Gallstone Pancreatitis (PONCHO): A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial
da Costa DW, Bouwense SA, Schepers NJ, et al; Dutch Pancreatitis Study Group
When Should You Perform Cholecystectomy for Mild Gallstone Pancreatitis?
Although guidelines and surgical textbooks recommend prompt cholecystectomy for mild gallstone pancreatitis during the index hospitalization, most patients in the United States undergo cholecystectomy several weeks after discharge.
In this randomized trial, cholecystectomy was performed during the initial hospitalization or after discharge (mean, 4 weeks). Gallstone-related complications (including recurrent pancreatitis) and related mortality occurred significantly less in the same-admission group vs the interval delay group (5% vs 17%, respectively). Notably, there were no differences in length of hospital stay or rate of surgical complications between groups.
These findings demonstrate that the common practice of delaying cholecystectomy in patients presenting with mild gallstone pancreatitis leads to much higher rates of preventable, recurrent, stone-related complications, compared with a strategy of performing cholecystectomy during the index hospitalization. Surgeons should not be reluctant to perform cholecystectomy before discharge in these patients. Gastroenterologists are typically consulted on these patients and, therefore, should be aware of this randomized trial that represents a major change from current practice.
Medscape Gastroenterology © 2015 WebMD, LLC
Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: Top 10 Practice Changers in Gastroenterology: 2015 - Medscape - Dec 29, 2015.