Major advances in the prevention of disease from the past two decades allow today's children to live a much healthier life. Before the start of the 21st century, experts reflected on the progress our world had made over the previous 100 years and concluded that the development and availability of safe and effective vaccines was the major achievement of the 20th century.
Further progress in controlling disease through immunization has continued into our current millennium. Other recent advances in pediatrics include new medications; imaging techniques; diagnostic tests; and surgical interventions, particularly transplantation. Many of these contributions to medicine are more exciting to talk about, but prevention of disease remains our greatest achievement for children.
We summarize some of the landmarks in pediatrics over the past 20 years in the Table and then emphasize five achievements in our article that we felt were particularly important.
Table. Landmark Developments in Pediatrics: 1995-2015
|Disease prevention with vaccines|
|Congenital CMV: diagnosis with PCR and treatment|
|Hepatitis C treatment|
|HAART for HIV|
|Transplantation, including new immunosuppressive medications|
|Inflammatory bowel disease: treatment with monoclonal antibodies|
|Ventricular assist devices|
|Diabetes: treatment and monitoring|
|Imaging (eg, MRI)|
|Advances in intensive care|
|Electronic medical records|
CMV = cytomegalovirus; HAART = highly active antiretroviral therapy; PCR = polymerase chain reaction
Medscape Pediatrics © 2015 WebMD, LLC
Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.
Cite this: Russell W. Steele, Patrick J. Unkel. Landmark Developments in Pediatrics: 1995-2015 - Medscape - Aug 20, 2015.