Methodology for Developing Quality Indicators for the Care of Older People in the Emergency Department

Melinda Martin-Khan; Ellen Burkett; Linda Schnitker; Richard N Jones; Leonard C Gray


BMC Emerg Med. 2013;13(23) 

In This Article


To ensure that a suite of quality indicators for the care of older persons in the ED is developed using an evidence-based approach that reflects the diversity of ED systems in developed nations, a three-phase mixed methods study was designed (Figure 1). The project will consist of: 1) a review of the scientific literature and expert panel input for the development of a preliminary suite of indicators; 2) field study of preliminary indicators at 8 Australian emergency services; 3) a facilitated panel discussion among key experts in emergency and geriatric medicine followed by a formal voting process, resulting in a final QI suite. The results of each phase will inform subsequent phases.

Figure 1.

Schematic of the study design.


Research ethics board approval was received for the project from Metro South Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC/11/QPAH/628); Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Government Health Human Research Ethics Committee Low Risk Sub-committee (ETHLR.12.097); The University of Queensland Behavioural & Social Sciences Ethical Review Committee (2012000631); and Melbourne Health Human Research Ethics Committee (2012.010). Site Specific Governance approval was received for this project from Metro South Centres for Health Research Governance (SSA/11/QPAH/628; SSA/12/QPAH/211); Metro North Health Service District Research, Ethics and Governance Unit (SSA/12/QPCH/76); West Moreton Health Service District Human Research Ethics Committee & Research Governance Office (SSA/12/QWMS/23); and Northern Health Research Governance Office (SSA/12/NH/4).

For the field study, research nurses will obtain informed written consent from participating patients at each site.