Advanced Accident Research System Based on a Medical and Engineering Data in the Metropolitan Area of Florence

Simone Piantini; David Grassi; Marco Mangini; Marco Pierini; Giovanni Zagli; Rosario Spina; Adriano Peris


BMC Emerg Med. 2013;13(3) 

In This Article


A team of ICU physicians, statisticians, and engineers has been setup for the study of real world road accidents in the metropolitan area of Florence.

The information they gather is: environmental, technical and demographic data, treatments, injury score, and follow-up of the person involved in the road accident.

The analysis of the first data collected shows that PTW riders-and-pillions-passengers are subject to high risk of injuries in all body parts, especially on head, thorax and spine. The head is most subject to severe injuries, and the maximum incidence is at cerebral level. This is due to the greater sensitivity of the cerebrum to the inertial force (acceleration) compared to other internal organs. The use of thorax protection and full-face helmets correctly fastened could reduce the severity of the PTW user's injuries.

The car zones most dangerous for pedestrians and cyclists are the windshield (centre and upper edge), the A-pillar, and the front bumper. The injury severity of pedestrians and cyclist could be reduced by improving the car front design (bumper and hood) and by use of energy absorbers.