A standard, healthy diet involves less animal fats, limited salt intake, fewer calories, and increased intake of foods with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Vitamin D deficiency has been frequently noted in seniors, and vitamin D supplements may help to improve vascular, skeletal, and psychological functions in the elderly. Increased fish intake also has been reported to lower the risk of diabetes and dementia, and pistachio nuts reportedly improve heart health and boost longevity. Finally, consumption of chocolate and cocoa can reduce cardiovascular disease by 37% and stroke by 24%, by increasing endothelial function through boosting the bioavailability of nitric oxide.
J Community Health. 2012;37(4):888-896. © 2012 Springer
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