Opportunities for Cost Reduction of Medical Care: Part 3

Monte Malach; William J. Baumol


J Community Health. 2012;37(4):888-896. 

In This Article


A standard, healthy diet involves less animal fats, limited salt intake, fewer calories, and increased intake of foods with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Vitamin D deficiency has been frequently noted in seniors,[62] and vitamin D supplements may help to improve vascular, skeletal, and psychological functions in the elderly. Increased fish intake also has been reported to lower the risk of diabetes and dementia,[63] and pistachio nuts reportedly improve heart health and boost longevity.[64] Finally, consumption of chocolate and cocoa can reduce cardiovascular disease by 37% and stroke by 24%, by increasing endothelial function through boosting the bioavailability of nitric oxide.[65]


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