The Acute Pain Service Nurse Practitioner: A Case Study in the Postoperative Care of the Child With Bladder Exstrophy

Lori J.Kozlowski, MS, RN, CPNP


J Pediatr Health Care. 2008;22(6):351-359. 

In This Article


Effective pain management for children requires leadership and interdisciplinary collaboration. One strategy used at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center is a pain service model in which a group of individuals work in collaboration to provide effective pain management. This model uses the PNP in a leadership role to direct care. Management of the child following bladder exstrophy repair provides an excellent example of the role of acute care NPs and their impact on outcomes and quality of care in this complex and challenging population.


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