What's Your Assessment?

Helen M. Petros, FNP, PA-C

Disclosures

Dermatology Nursing. 2008;20(1):47-49,53. 

In This Article

Nursing Measures

Supportive measures are helpful to adult and child alike. Cool, wet compresses and tepid baths promote cleanliness, reduce pruritus, and help prevent secondary infection. Anti-pruritic lotions (such as Sarna® or Aveeno® with camphor and menthol) help ameliorate symptoms. Administer antipyretics as needed, but avoid aspirin due to complications of Reye's syndrome. Keep fingernails short and trimmed, and cover the hands with mittens or socks to avoid scratching. Be alert to signs and symptoms of complications in children and adults: difficulty breathing, chest pain, wheezing, severe cough, severe headache, stiff neck, confusion, unusual weakness, signs and symptoms of secondary bacterial infection, frequent or persistent vomiting, prolonged high fever, or signs of dehydration. Isolate patients due to mode and virulence of transmission. Always consult with infectious disease specialists in cases where progression of disease is severe or life-threatening complications (pneumonia, serious secondary bacterial infections, encephalitis) occur.

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