Vascular Myelopathies - Vascular Malformations of the Spinal Cord: Presentation and Endovascular Surgical Management

Louis P. Caragine, Jr., MD, PhD, Van V. Halbach, MD, Perry P. Ng, MD, Christopher F. Dowd, MD


Semin Neurol. 2002;22(2) 

In This Article


Endovascular surgical techniques continue to evolve and now play a large role in the treatment of most spinal cord vascular malformations. Early diagnosis improves outcomes, and spinal angiography remains the gold standard to define the vascular anatomy. MRI is an excellent screening modality and is also a rapidly evolving technology. Patients need to be evaluated on an individual basis from both a traditional neurosurgical and endovascular points of view and with regard to the expertise available. This combined approach offers the best hope for patients with often challenging spinal cord vascular pathology.

CME Information

The print version of this article was originally certified for CME credit. For accreditation details, contact Division of Continuing Medical Eduation, Indiana Univeristy School of Medicine, 714 North Senate Avenue, EF 200, Indianapolis, IN 46202, (317) 274-4200, (800) 622-4989, fax (317) 274-4638.