Vascular Myelopathies - Vascular Malformations of the Spinal Cord: Presentation and Endovascular Surgical Management

Louis P. Caragine, Jr., MD, PhD, Van V. Halbach, MD, Perry P. Ng, MD, Christopher F. Dowd, MD


Semin Neurol. 2002;22(2) 

In This Article

Epidural Arteriovenous Malformations

Epidural AVMs are primarily epidural and drain into the epidural venous plexus or medullary veins.[20,33,34,35,36] Patients present with spontaneous cervical epidural hemorrhage,[33] radiculopathy, or subarachnoid hemorrhage.[34] Arterial supply may be derived from the vertebral, thyrocervical, or costocervical arteries. Endovascular embolization can result in complete closure of the fistula and cure.[36]