Coccidioidomycosis and COVID-19 Co-Infection, United States, 2020

Alexandra K. Heaney; Jennifer R. Head; Kelly Broen; Karen Click; John Taylor; John R. Balmes; Jon Zelner; Justin V. Remais


Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2021;27(5):1266-1273. 

In This Article


We searched peer-reviewed journals on PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science; preprints posted on medRxiv and bioRxiv; and reports from state health departments and correctional agencies for articles on risk factors for infection and disease severity, diagnosis, surveillance, and preventive measures for coccidioidomycosis and COVID-19. We assessed titles and abstracts for relevance to the risk factors, diagnostic issues, and complications of coccidioidomycosis and COVID-19 co-infections. We conducted searches published during April–December 2020 and did not exclude articles on the basis of publication date. We identified other relevant publications by backward citation searching. We analyzed 116 peer-reviewed articles, 4 preprints, and 28 reports.