What is the global prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV)?

Updated: Feb 27, 2019
  • Author: J Michael Klatte, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Herpes simplex virus has worldwide distribution. The prevalence of genital herpes in developing countries is 2-74% and varies among countries. [33, 34] In African countries that are experiencing HIV epidemics, HSV-2 infection is highly prevalent (≥70%). [35] Evidence suggests that genital herpes simplex virus infection increases the risk of HIV infection and that persons infected with both viruses are more likely to transmit HIV. [36, 37, 38]


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