What are the clinical presentations of dehydration in children with cholera?

Updated: Feb 03, 2021
  • Author: Sajeev Handa, MBBCh, BAO, LRCSI, LRCPI; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Children without clinically significant dehydration (< 5% loss of body weight) may have increased thirst without other signs of dehydration. In children with some (ie, moderate) dehydration, cardiac output and vascular resistance are normal, and changes in interstitial and intracellular volume are the primary manifestations of illness. Skin turgor is decreased, as manifested by prolonged skin tenting in response to a skin pinch (the most reliable sign of isotonic dehydration), and a normal pulse.


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