What should be included in the differential diagnoses for hilar lymph nodes lymphadenitis?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Elizabeth Partridge, MD, MPH, MS; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Answer

Hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes

Hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes receive lymph drainage from local structures and are usually found on radiologic examination.

Infections associated with hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes are as follows:

  • Tuberculosis

  • Fungal infections

Malignancies associated with hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes are as follows:

  • Bronchogenic carcinoma

  • Lymphoma

  • Hodgkin lymphoma

Other diseases associated with hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes are as follows:

  • Sarcoidosis

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