What should be included in the differential diagnoses for cervical lymph nodes lymphadenitis?

Updated: Feb 12, 2019
  • Author: Elizabeth Partridge, MD, MPH, MS; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Cervical lymph nodes

Cervical lymph nodes receive lymphatic drainage from the head, neck, and oropharyngeal cavities.

Infections associated with cervical lymph nodes are as follows [5] :

  • Skin and soft tissue infections of the face

  • Dental abscesses

  • Otitis externa

  • Bacterial pharyngitis

  • Cytomegalovirus

  • Adenovirus infection

  • Rubella

  • Toxoplasmosis

Malignancies associated with cervical lymph nodes are as follows:

  • Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Non-Hodgkin lymphomas

  • Squamous cell carcinomas of nasopharyngeal or laryngeal structures

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