What are the characteristics of second-degree frostbite?

Updated: Oct 13, 2020
  • Author: Bobak Zonnoor , MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Sequelae over the next few weeks include desquamation, transient swelling and erythema, and cold sensitivity.

Second-degree frostbite has the following characteristics:

  • Full-thickness skin freezing

  • Clear blister formation with surrounding erythema

  • Hard outer skin but resilient tissue underneath

  • Substantial edema

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