What are the long-term sequelae of frostbite?

Updated: Oct 13, 2020
  • Author: Bobak Zonnoor , MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Healing can take 6-12 months. Long-term sequelae include the following:

  • Cold sensitivity

  • Paresthesias and sensory deficits

  • Peeling or cracking skin

  • Loss of fingernails or toenails

  • Hyperhidrosis or anhidrosis

  • Muscle atrophy

  • Premature closure of epiphyses

  • Decreased mineralization of bone

  • Joint stiffness

  • Tremor

  • Phantom pain of amputated extremities

  • Abnormal color changes indicative of vasospasm

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