What role does diet play in the management of pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Updated: Sep 09, 2021
  • Author: Maggie A Wilkes, MD; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Answer

No special diet clearly affects ADHD (ADD). Until this situation changes, a healthy diet with minimal, if any, caffeine should be emphasized. Note that, in children, caffeine is often consumed in the form of chocolate candy, chocolate milk, or "energy" drinks.

While additional studies are warranted to verify the data, the results from one study suggest that a restriction diet may reduce ADHD symptoms in some children; food color additives were identified as a possible association with ADHD symptoms. [9]


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