What are the 2 main treatment strategies for pediatric attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Updated: Sep 09, 2021
  • Author: Maggie A Wilkes, MD; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Behavioral and pharmaceutical strategies are the 2 major components in the medical care of patients with ADHD.

Behavioral interventions

Behavioral psychotherapy often is effective when used in combination with medication. [3, 4] Behavioral therapy or modification programs can help diminish uncertain expectations and increase organization. Working with parents and schools through behavioral parent training and behavioral classroom management to ensure environments are conducive to focus and attention is necessary.

Medication regimens

Psychostimulants are effective in patients with ADHD. However, compliance is an issue, particularly in children. Therefore, the use of long-acting medications at once-a-day dosing to treat ADHD has been shown to have advances over shorter-acting drugs. Their use has been marked to higher rates of remission and better adherence, and they have been demonstrated to be less stigmatizing.

See Treatment and Medication for more detail.

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