Which medications in the drug class Bronchodilators, Inhaled are used in the treatment of Pediatric Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome?

Updated: Apr 28, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Harumi Jyonouchi, MD  more...
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Answer

Bronchodilators, Inhaled

These agents are used to relieve bronchoconstriction and decrease the inflammatory response in the respiratory tree. Both pulmonary and nasal inhalers may be needed. Children 4 years and older may use inhalers effectively. Inhaler use is hampered in young children and others unable to understand the technique of administration and in older individuals unable to achieve a forceful inhalation. Adding a spacer is customary to improve coordination in children. Steroid inhalation is followed by rinsing the mouth to avoid thrush, and a spacer is highly recommended for use with steroid pressurized metered dose inhalers for all patients.

Albuterol (Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA)

Relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by action on beta2-receptors with little effect on cardiac muscle contractility.

Salmeterol (Serevent Diskus)

By relaxing the smooth muscle fibers of the bronchioles it can relieve bronchospasms. Effect may also facilitate expectoration.

Beclomethasone (QVAR)

Inhibits bronchoconstriction mechanisms and produces direct smooth muscle relaxation. May decrease number and activity of inflammatory cells, in turn decreasing airway hyperresponsiveness.

Some patients may require higher doses of inhaled beclomethasone. Available as 40-mcg and 80-mcg per inhalation.

Fluticasone (Flovent HFA)

Has extremely potent vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory activity. Has a weak hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis inhibitory potency when applied topically.

Some patients may require higher doses of inhaled fluticasone.


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