What is the role of medications in mold allergy treatment?

Updated: Dec 02, 2020
  • Author: Shih-Wen Huang, MD; Chief Editor: Harumi Jyonouchi, MD  more...
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Various drugs are used for the treatment of upper airway diseases. For allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, antihistamine/decongestant and/or intranasal corticosteroid and anticholinergic nose sprays are the treatments of choice. For allergic asthma, short-acting or long-acting bronchodilators, mast-cell stabilizers, antileukotriene agents, corticosteroid inhalers, oral corticosteroids, anticholinergic inhalers, or theophylline may be indicated, depending on the stage of the disease. For allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS), allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM), and extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA), an oral corticosteroid is the treatment of choice; in AFS, it may be supplemented with a corticosteroid inhaler. In ABPA and ABPM, it may be supplemented with a corticosteroid inhaler or theophylline. In EAA, it may be supplemented with a bronchodilator.

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