How are migraine and vertigo defined?

Updated: Jun 17, 2021
  • Author: Aaron G Benson, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Migraine headaches are recurrent headaches that are often accompanied by nausea and light sensitivity and that are separated by symptom-free intervals. The headaches typically have a throbbing quality, are relieved after sleep, and may be accompanied by visual symptoms, dizziness, or vertigo. Patients often have a family history of migraine.

Migraine can be divided into 2 categories: migraine without aura (common migraine, 90% of migraine headache cases) and migraine with aura (classic migraine, 10% of cases).

Vertigo is an illusion of movement of the environment or of the patient in relation to the environment.

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