What is the role of tympanostomy in the treatment of myringitis?

Updated: Sep 14, 2020
  • Author: John Schweinfurth, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Tympanostomy with insertion of a tube into the middle ear to allow drainage: This is the most frequently performed otolaryngologic procedure in the United States; however, permanent perforation is possible.

In a study of 248 pediatric patients who received tympanostomy tubes and postoperative otic drop therapy, Conrad et al found that occlusion of the tubes was most prevalent in patients with middle ear fluid and in those with longer time to postsurgical follow-up. The investigators, who conducted a retrospective medical record review, found that at first follow-up, one or both tubes were occluded in 10.6% of patients. Children with no serous fluid were found to be 3 times more likely to be free of tube obstructions than were children with fluid. It was also found that the chance of occlusion increased in relation to the amount of time that existed between surgery and follow-up. [7, 8]

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