What is an algorithm used for the diagnosis and management of caustic ingestions?

Updated: Dec 09, 2020
  • Author: Derrick Lung, MD, MPH, FACEP, FACMT; Chief Editor: David Vearrier, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

An algorithm for management caustic exposures is shown in the image below. [12]

Algorithm for the Diagnosis and Management of Caus Algorithm for the Diagnosis and Management of Caustic Ingestions. In all cases of caustic ingestion, the airway should be assessed initially and protected if necessary. If endoscopy is not rapidly available and severe injury is strongly suspected, obtain a contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) study. The Usta protocol consists of methylprednisolone (1 g per 1.73 m2 of body-surface area per day, given intravenously for 3 days) plus ranitidine (4 mg per kilogram of body weight per day in children or the standard adult dose in adults, given intravenously) plus ceftriaxone (100 mg per kilogram per day in children or the standard adult dose in adults, given intravenously). NPO denotes nothing by mouth, and TPN total parenteral nutrition.

 


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