How is choline used as a cardiac marker?

Updated: Jul 30, 2021
  • Author: Kamal (Komo) Gursahani, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Choline is produced and released when membrane phospholipids are cleaved by phospholipase D, an enzyme that is activated in ACS. Whole blood and plasma choline levels may predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in hospitalized patients suspected of having ACS but who have negative cardiac troponins. [84]

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