What are the potential complications of early pregnancy loss?

Updated: Nov 05, 2018
  • Author: Slava V Gaufberg, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Potential complications of early pregnancy loss include septic miscarriage and hypovolemic or septic shock.

Preexisting anemia may make patients more susceptible to hypovolemic shock.

Patients with HIV infection who are undergoing curettage may have a higher rate of procedure-related complications but no increase in infectious morbidity.

Coagulation defects may be associated with a retained dead fetus.

Other possible complications include post miscarriage bleeding, retained products of conception, and hematometra.

A prospective survey study by Farren et al found that 28% of women surveyed after early pregnancy loss met the criteria for probably post-traumatic stress disorder at one month and 38% at three months. [10, 11]

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