Which medications in the drug class Antibiotic, Miscellaneous are used in the treatment of Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2018
  • Author: Rahul Sharma, MD, MBA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Antibiotic, Miscellaneous

Empiric broad-spectrum coverage for gram-positive, gram-negative, and anaerobic organisms is necessary. Therapy must be comprehensive and should cover all likely pathogens in the context of the clinical setting.

In cases of suspected MRSA infection, vancomycin should be added for additional coverage.

Oxacillin (Bactocill)

A bactericidal antibiotic that inhibits cell wall synthesis. Used in treatment of infections caused by penicillinase-producing staphylococci. May be used to initiate therapy when staphylococcal infection is suspected.

Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

Alternate antimicrobial choice. Third-generation cephalosporin that has broad gram-negative spectrum, lower efficacy against gram-positive organisms, and higher efficacy against resistant organisms than earlier generation cephalosporins. By binding to 1 or more penicillin-binding proteins, arrests bacterial cell wall synthesis and inhibits bacterial growth.

Metronidazole (Flagyl)

Additional anaerobic coverage. Imidazole ring-based antibiotic active against various anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. Usually employed in combination with other antimicrobial agents (except when used for Clostridium difficile enterocolitis, in which monotherapy appropriate).

Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)

Binds to 50S bacterial-ribosomal subunits and inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting protein synthesis. Effective against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.

Vancomycin

Indicated for patients who cannot receive or have failed to respond to penicillins and cephalosporins or have infections with resistant staphylococci. For abdominal penetrating injuries, it is combined with an agent active against enteric flora and/or anaerobes.

To avoid toxicity, current recommendation is to assay vancomycin trough levels after third dose drawn 0.5 h prior to next dosing. Use creatinine clearance to adjust dose in patients diagnosed with renal impairment.

Used in conjunction with gentamicin for prophylaxis in penicillin allergic patients undergoing gastrointestinal or genitourinary procedures.


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