What are the routes of infection in chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP)?

Updated: May 25, 2021
  • Author: Samantha D Kraemer, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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The actual routes of prostatic infection are unknown in most cases, but various possibilities exist. Ascending urethral infection is a known route because of the frequency of previous gonococcal prostatitis, as well as the finding of identical organisms in prostatic fluid and vaginal culture in many couples. Intraprostatic urinary reflux has been demonstrated in human cadavers and may play a role. Other possible routes of infection include hematogenous spread, migration of rectal bacteria via direct extension, and lymphogenous spread.

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