Which medical treatments increase the risk of developing chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP)?

Updated: May 25, 2021
  • Author: Samantha D Kraemer, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Treatments that increase risk include the following:

  • Indwelling urethral catheters or condom catheters
  • Transurethral surgery, especially in men with infected urine who have not been treated. 
  • Prostate biopsy can irritate the prostate or cause an infection. Infections following prostate biopsy often involve organisms with different virulence and resistance than those from spontaneous acute infections of the prostate. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)  E coli infection after prostate biopsy is a risk factor for chronic prostatitis. [16]

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