What are the risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC)?

Updated: Dec 13, 2018
  • Author: Deborah A Baumgarten, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD  more...
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Risk factors include increased age; male sex; smoking; cadmium, benzene, trichloroethylene, and asbestos exposure; excessive weight; chronic dialysis use; and several genetic syndromes (familial RCC, hereditary papillary RCC, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis). [6, 7]

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