What is the role of staining in the evaluation of Sjögren syndrome?

Updated: Mar 05, 2021
  • Author: Sriya K Ranatunga, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Rose bengal is an aniline dye that stains epithelial surfaces with diminished mucin protection or with exposed epithelial cell membranes. Conjunctival staining can be detected with the naked eye. Slit-lamp examination is performed after rose bengal staining to detect abnormal uptake in the cornea.

Lissamine green staining works similarly but is less irritating to the eye. Fluorescein staining can be used to detect corneal damage.


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