What are respiratory findings suggestive of Sjögren syndrome?

Updated: Mar 05, 2021
  • Author: Sriya K Ranatunga, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Pulmonary abnormalities occur in 9-29% of cases; they are similar in primary and secondary Sjögren syndrome. Lung signs include the following [57] :

  • Pulmonary fibrosis

  • Pulmonary hypertension

  • Recurrent chest infections

  • Granulomatous infiltration and fibrosing alveolitis

  • Restrictive ventilatory defect

  • Impaired gas transfer

  • Bibasilar rales – Can be heard in patients with interstitial lung disease

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