What are the possible complications of traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Updated: Mar 02, 2020
  • Author: Percival H Pangilinan, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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Complications include the following:

  • Posttraumatic seizures: Frequently occur after moderate or severe TBI

  • Hydrocephalus

  • Deep vein thrombosis: Incidence as high as 54% [6]

  • Heterotopic ossification: Incidence of 11-76%, with a 10-20% incidence of clinically significant heterotopic ossification [7]

  • Spasticity

  • Gastrointestinal and genitourinary complications: Among the most common sequelae in patients with TBI

  • Gait abnormalities

  • Agitation: Common after TBI

  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)

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