Which physical findings are characteristic of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)?

Updated: Dec 18, 2019
  • Author: Roger B Olade, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Physical findings are usually nonspecific. Symptoms include the following:

  • Fine end-inspiratory crackles

  • Clubbing (25%)

  • Cyanosis (20%)

  • Pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale (rare)

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