How does the prevalence of fungal pneumonia vary by sex?

Updated: Jun 21, 2019
  • Author: Romeo A Mandanas, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Endemic fungal disease affects men (75-95%) more often than women. Estrogen-mediated inhibition of mycelium-to-yeast transformation may be responsible for the male predominance. Estrogen also seems to have a protective effect against cryptococcal infection. Cryptococcosis has a male-to-female ratio of 2-3:1.

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