What are possible complications of fungal pneumonia?

Updated: Jun 21, 2019
  • Author: Romeo A Mandanas, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Complications of fungal pneumonia include (1) disease dissemination to other sites (ie, brain, meninges, skin, liver, spleen, kidneys, adrenals, heart, eyes) and sepsis syndrome and (2) blood vessel invasion, which can lead to hemoptysis, pulmonary infarction, myocardial infarction, cerebral septic emboli, cerebral infarction, or blindness.

Other complications may include the following:

  • Bronchopleural or tracheoesophageal fistulas

  • Chronic pulmonary symptoms

  • Mediastinal fibromatosis (histoplasmosis)

  • Broncholithiasis (histoplasmosis)

  • Pericarditis and other rheumatologic symptoms

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