Which medications in the drug class Bronchodilators are used in the treatment of Bronchitis?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Jazeela Fayyaz, DO; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Bronchodilators

Studies (although limited) have shown an advantage to using bronchodilators and possible superiority to antibiotics for relieving bronchitis symptoms.

Albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)

Albuterol relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by action on beta2-receptors with little effect on cardiac muscle contractility.

Metaproterenol

Metaproterenol is a beta agonist for bronchospasms that relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by action on beta2 receptors with little effect on cardiac muscle contractility.

Theophylline (Theo-24, Uniphyl)

Theophylline is used to control symptoms such as bronchospasm, dyspnea, and chronic cough in stable patients with chronic bronchitis. It potentiates exogenous catecholamines and stimulates endogenous catecholamine release and diaphragmatic muscular relaxation, which, in turn, stimulates bronchodilation.

Ipratropium

Ipratropium is an anticholinergic bronchodilator that is often used to control symptoms such as bronchospasm, dyspnea, and chronic cough in stable patients with chronic bronchitis.


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