What are the indications for perioperative anticoagulation management?

Updated: May 08, 2018
  • Author: Brian J Daley, MD, MBA, FACS, FCCP, CNSC; Chief Editor: William A Schwer, MD  more...
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Any patient who is on long-term anticoagulation and is to undergo a major surgery needs proactive management. [8] Some authors believe that patients can be maintained on oral anticoagulation for minor procedures, such as dental extractions, biopsies, ureterorenoscopy, Ho:YAG lithotripsy, and ophthalmic operations, as long as the therapeutic range of the prothrombin time (PT) value is not greater than 2.5. [9] A recently published study revealed a higher rate of hemorrhagic complications after glaucoma surgery in patients on anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy. Patients who continued anticoagulation during glaucoma surgery had a hemorrhagic complication rate of 31.8% compared to 3.7% of patients with no anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy. [10] Local bleeding with dental surgery may be controlled with tranexamic acid mouthwash orepsilon aminocaproic acid mouthwash.

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