What are the possible complications of endoscopic treatment of renal transitional cell carcinoma?

Updated: Nov 05, 2019
  • Author: Bagi RP Jana, MD, MBA, MHA, FACP; Chief Editor: E Jason Abel, MD  more...
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Perforation (0-10%) and stricture formation (5-13%) are the major complications of ureteroscopic treatment. Use of lasers (especially the Ho:YAG laser, which has low tissue penetration) may decrease the rate of stricture formation.

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