What is the role of topical therapies in renal transitional cell carcinoma treatment?

Updated: Nov 05, 2019
  • Author: Bagi RP Jana, MD, MBA, MHA, FACP; Chief Editor: E Jason Abel, MD  more...
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As a rule, local treatment is administered as adjuvant therapy, after endoscopic treatment of the UC, to decrease the recurrence rate. Methods of delivery vary (eg, irrigation through a ureteroscopic catheter or intravesical instillation after vesicoureteral reflux is ensured); however, irrigation through a percutaneous nephrostomy catheter is the most reliable method.

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