What causes the symptoms of menopause?

Updated: Sep 13, 2021
  • Author: Nicole K Banks, MD; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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The spectrum and intensity of symptoms that women experience during perimenopause and menopause vary greatly. Symptoms result from the effect of decreased circulating levels of estrogen on various organ systems. Hypothalamically mediated vasomotor instability leading to hot flashes (hot flushes), sweating, and palpitations is the most common presentation of menopause. These symptoms occur in more than 60% of postmenopausal women.

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