What are the physiologic effects of menopause?

Updated: Sep 13, 2021
  • Author: Nicole K Banks, MD; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Answer

Answer

Menopause has the following physiologic effects:

  • Vasomotor system: Vasomotor instability

  • Urogenital system: Atrophy and thinning of the mucosal lining of the urethra, urinary bladder, vagina, and vulva; loss of vaginal elasticity and distensibility; reduced vaginal secretions; degeneration of subepithelial vasculature and the supporting subcutaneous connective tissue

  • Bone metabolism: Progressive bone loss

  • Cardiac function: Increased susceptibility to heart disease


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