How is osteoporosis diagnosed in menopausal women?

Updated: Jun 06, 2018
  • Author: PonJola Coney, MD; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Assessment of bone density by means of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the standard for diagnosing osteoporosis. However, the cost of this test is high, and the test is not universally available. The Australian Primary Care Evaluation of Clinical Tests (PROSPECT) suggests that a better prescreening protocol can reduce the need for unnecessary radiologic tests at the primary care level. [26] Assessment of risk factors such as age, prior fracture, risk of falling, and BMD is valuable in predicting fracture risk. [27]

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