What are the risk factors for osteoporosis in menopausal women?

Updated: Jun 06, 2018
  • Author: PonJola Coney, MD; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
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Answer

Answer

Bone densitometry is the most accurate clinical predictor of osteoporosis. If bone mass is more than 1 SD below average for the specific bone measured, the risk of fracture is much higher. Other risk factors for osteopenia and osteoporosis include low serum estrogen, female sex, low serum androgen, smoking, physical inactivity, low body weight, and little exposure to sunlight. Bone densitometry testing is recommended for all postmenopausal women. Neither the age of initial BMD screening nor the optimal frequency of screening has been determined.


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